What Is Intervertebral Disc Prolapse? – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

The intervertebral disc is the cushion between two vertebrae in your spine. It acts as a shock absorber, protecting your spinal cord from injury. However, over time this cushion becomes worn-out and can bulge out from under the disc, causing it to press on a nerve root or blood vessel. This article discusses these causes of intervertebral disc prolapse and offers ways to prevent back pain caused by their occurrence.

What is Intervertebral Disc Prolapse?

Intervertebral disc prolapse is a condition in which the intervertebral disc prolapses (falls out) from the spinal canal. This can cause instability and increased pressure in the spinal cord, leading to pain, numbness, and paralysis. Prolapse is most common in older adults and people who have had multiple surgeries or injuries to their spine.

Types of Intervertebral Disc Prolapse

There are different types of intervertebral disc prolapse, which can include herniation, extrusion, or nucleus pulposus displacement. Herniation is the most common type and can occur when the annulus fibrosus, a tough ring-like structure that surrounds the nucleus pulposus, bulges out of the vertebral endplate. Extrusion occurs when the annulus fibrosus rubs against the adjacent bone surface, and displacement occurs when a mass forms within the annulus fibrosus due to degeneration or inflammation.

Causes of Intervertebral Disc Prolapse

Intervertebral discs are the fibrous tissues that act as a cushion between the vertebrae in your spine. These discs can become prolapsed if they become loose and prolapse (fall out of their normal position). When this happens, pressure can build up on the spinal cord, nerves, and other structures within the spinal column.

There are several causes of intervertebral disc prolapse, which include:

-Age-As we age, our discs can become more fragile and less able to support the weight of our bodies. This can lead to gradual instability of the spine, which in turn can cause intervertebral disc prolapse.

-Injury-A number of factors can lead to injury to the spine, including falls, car accidents, and sports injuries. This type of injury can cause damage to the discs and put them at risk for prolapse.

-Gender-The anatomy of the female spine is different than that of the male spine, which can lead to greater instability and higher rates of intervertebral disc prolapse.

– genetically predisposed conditions-Some people are born with a genetic condition that makes them more likely to develop

Symptoms of Intervertebral Disc Prolapse

Most people are aware of back pain, but what about sciatica? This is a type of back pain that is caused by pressure on the sciatic nerve, which arises from compression of the spinal cord within the spinal canal. Sciatica can be debilitating, and typically comes on gradually over time. If left untreated, it can become chronic and even lead to disability. While there are many possible causes of sciatica, one common culprit is intervertebral disc prolapse.

What is intervertebral disc prolapse?

Intervertebral disc prolapse is a condition in which a disk between two vertebrae slips out of its normal position and bulges. This can cause back pain and other symptoms. The most common symptom is a gradual build-up of pressure in the lower back that progresses until it becomes chronic. More serious cases can also cause disability.

How does intervertebral disc prolapse happen?

The exact cause of intervertebral disc prolapse isn’t fully understood, but factors that may contribute include age, genetics, injury, and obesity. The most common cause of intervertebral disc prolapse is childbirth,

Treatment for Intivertebral Disc Prolapse

What is intervertebral disc prolapse?

Intivertebral disc prolapse is a condition where the annulus (the ring-like structure that surrounds the vertebral column) of an intervertebral disc becomes prolapsed. This can cause pressure on the spinal cord, which can lead to pain and other symptoms.

What causes intervertebral disc prolapse?

The exact cause of intervertebral disc prolapse is unknown, but it appears to be associated with a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some common risk factors include age, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and low back pain.

What are the symptoms of intervertebral disc prolapse?

The most common symptom of intervertebral disc prolapse is back pain. Other symptoms may include numbness or tingling in the hands and feet, difficulty walking or standing, weakness or paralysis in one or more legs, and difficulty speaking or swallowing.

How is intervertebral disc prolapse diagnosed?

The diagnosis of intervertebral disc prolapse typically involves a thorough medical history and physical exam. In some cases, imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI may be


Intervertebral discs are the jelly-like material that cushions and supports the vertebrae in your spinal column. Occasionally, these discs can prolapse (fall out of place), which can cause a host of symptoms including back pain, sciatica, and even paralysis. If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. There are many treatments available for intervertebral disc prolapse, and most involve surgery. If you decide to go ahead with treatment, be sure to talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits involved.

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