Migraine: Outline, Symptoms and Treatment

Migraine is a brain disorder that causes intense, throbbing pain in one or both eyes, or on one-half of the head. The main symptom of a migraine is severe pain. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light, sound and smell. When the cause for a migraine is not known, care should be taken to prevent serious conditions such as an intracranial hemorrhage and stroke.

How Is Migraine Treated?

Treatment of migraine headaches begins with a careful medical evaluation to determine the cause. The first step is determining whether a person has an actual migraine or if he or she has some other condition that produces similar symptoms. It is important to understand that there are many diseases and conditions which mimic migraine, in fact up to 50% of all doctors misdiagnose migraines because they look like something else. Because the cause of migraine cannot be diagnosed by blood tests or even imaging studies, people who suffer from recurrent migraines may be given a trial of medication (a ‘test run’) before undergoing expensive and invasive procedures such as brain biopsy or surgery. When a doctor suspects that an

What is Migraine?

Migraine is a debilitating neurologic disorder that is most commonly characterized by severe headaches, which are usually unilateral and last for four to 72 hours.

The headache is preceded by an aura, or “sensation of impending doom,” and may also include nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, and seizures. A migraine attack can seriously disrupt daily activities.

The cause of migraine is unknown but likely includes a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Migraine is more common in women than men, but the condition can affect anyone at any age.

There is currently no cure for migraine, but medications and therapies can help relieve symptoms. Treatment options vary depending on the severity of the attack.

For more information about migraines, please see the following resources: -National Headache Foundation (NHF) website: http://www.headaches.org/migraine/ -American Migraine Association website: http://americanmigraineassociation.org/about-migraine/ – NIH Publication on Genetics of Migraine Disorders: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Types of Migraines

Migraine is a disorder of the brain and spinal cord caused by abnormal nerve activity in one or more areas. Symptoms can vary, but are usually an intense headache, nausea, vomiting, light sensitivity, and visual disturbances. There are three main types of migraines: classic migraine, sinus migraine and aura migraines. Classic migraine is the most common type and is characterized by a pulsating headache that usually lasts one to two hours. Sinus migraine occurs when the trigeminal nerve (a nerve that runs along the inside of your nose) becomes irritated. Auras happen when a person has an aura prior to having a full-blown migraine. Symptoms include numbness or tingling in one side of the body, dizziness, difficulty speaking, and changes in vision.

Treatment typically includes drugs to relieve pain and reduce inflammation, lifestyle changes (such as reducing stress), and chiropractic care. Some people also use oxygen therapy or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to help identify the source of their headaches.

For more information about migraines, please visit our website or consult with your doctor.

Symptoms of a Migraine

There are many different symptoms of a migraine, which can make it difficult to determine what is causing the pain. The most common symptom is a headache, but other symptoms may include:

-Nausea and vomiting

-Visual disturbances

-Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet

-A sensitivity to light or sound

-An intense pressure in the head

-Extreme fatigue

-Mood changes, such as irritability or depression

Clinical Manifestation of a Migraine

Some of the common symptoms of a migraine include headache, neck stiffness, sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, and vomiting. Migraines typically occur in women between the ages of 15 and 35, but they can also occur in men.

Most migraines are diagnosed based on the person’s specific symptoms. However, there is a fairly accurate way to diagnose someone who has a migraine without having to describe all their symptoms. The test is called a headache questionnaire. It asks you questions about your headaches and how severe they are. If you have more than one type of headache, your doctor can determine which one is most likely caused by a migraine.

There is no cure for migraines, but there are many treatments that can help relieve the pain. Some people find relief from over-the-counter painkillers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Other people find relief from prescription medications such as triptans (such as Imitrex or Maxalt) or calcium channel blockers (such as diltiazem). Some people find relief from using combination therapies, such as taking medications along with over-the-counter pain relievers. And some people find relief from meditation or relaxation techniques

Etiology and Causes of Migraine

A migraine is a type of headache characterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head, as well as sensitivity to light and sound. The pain usually lasts for between four and 72 hours, and can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or lightheadedness.

There is no one cause for migraines, but they are most commonly caused by changes in blood flow to the brain. These changes can be brought on by factors such as stress, anxiety, menstruation, eating certain foods or beverages, exercising too vigorously or using certain medications.

Treatment for migraines typically involves medication that reduces the amount of blood flowing to the brain, either on its own or in combination with other therapies such as relaxation techniques. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to relieve pressure on the brain.

Symptoms of a Migraines

Migraine headaches are one of the most common types of headaches and affect nearly 39 million people in the United States. They are characterized by a severe headache that typically lasts for more than 4 hours and is accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. The cause of migraines is unknown, but there is a strong correlation between migraines and certain genes. Treatment typically involves taking painkillers and/or ibuprofen to relieve the headache and the accompanying symptoms. There is no cure for migraines, but there are treatments that can help ease their symptoms.

Treatment for a Migraine

Migraine sufferers have tried many treatments to relieve their pain, but some work better than others. Here is a look at some of the most common migraine treatments and how they work.

Pain medication: This is the first line of defense for many migraine sufferers. Opioids such as codeine or morphine can ease the pain by decreasing inflammation and relieving constriction of blood vessels in the brain. However, these medications come with a few side effects, such as drowsiness and nausea, so it is important to take them as prescribed by your doctor.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): These drugs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, can also help to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. However, they also come with a few side effects, such as gastrointestinal problems, so it is important to take them cautiously if you are pregnant or have any other health conditions.

Botulinum toxin injections: Botulinum toxin injections are also used to treat migraines. The toxin blocks nerve signals that cause headaches, and it has been shown to be effective in treating chronic migraines in about 60 percent of cases. Side effects may

Managing a Migraine

Migraine is a neurological disorder that affects the brain and spinal cord. The most common type of migraine is called a headache, which is a localized pain in one or more regions of the head. Migraines are also characterized by throbbing, pulsing or pounding sensations in the head, nausea and vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, cognitive problems, and disturbances in mood. Migraines can last from 4 to 72 hours.

There is no cure for migraines, but there are treatments available that can help manage the disorder. Some treatments include medication, heat therapy, relaxation techniques, yoga, acupuncture and biofeedback. It is important to seek prompt treatment for a migraine if it occurs because it can be debilitating and lead to other health problems.

Prognosis for a Migraines

Migraine is a common, debilitating and sometimes disabling condition. About one in five people experience migraines at some point in their lives. About two-thirds of people with migraines experience them at least once a month.

Migraine is caused by an excess of neurotransmitters (nerves) in the brain. The most common triggers for migraine are stress, caffeine, food, altitude and bright light.

There is no one cause for migraines, but they can be treated with various medications and therapies. About 60% of people with migraines find relief from medication alone, while about 30% find relief from both medication and therapy.

The prognosis for a migraines depends on the specific type and severity of the migraine. In general, however, the prognosis is good if the person receives treatment early on. Milder migraines usually resolve within several days to weeks without treatment, while more severe cases may take several weeks to months to improve.

Migraine can be debilitating and can impact daily life in a number of ways. For example, people may have problems working or completing tasks because of their migraines. Migraines may also cause nausea


Migraine is a debilitating, chronic pain disorder that affects around 36 million people worldwide. It is characterised by severe headaches, usually on one side of the head, that are often preceded by an aura (a warning sign). The headache may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, mood swings and fatigue. The treatment of migraine depends on its severity – acute attacks can be treated with medication such as ibuprofen or naproxen; more serious attacks require intravenous medical treatment with triptans such as sumatriptan or rizatriptan. Sufferers should always seek professional help if they are experiencing any of the following: frequent migraines lasting for more than four days in a row; migraines that cause impairment in work or school; disabling headaches that prevent you from doing activities you enjoy; or symptoms that started after a head injury.

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