Diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar, or blood glucose, levels are not well controlled. It can occur either when the body does not use insulin normally and it has to be produced by the pancreas, or when the body does not produce enough insulin.
Types of Diabetes
There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This type of diabetes usually starts in childhood or early adulthood, and can be very serious.Type 2 diabetes is more common and usually develops as a result of obesity or genes that make people more likely to get it. As with type 1 diabetes, type 2 can be fatal if left untreated. However, there are many ways to treat type 2 diabetes and most people with the disease can control it through a combination of diet, exercise, and medication. There is no one cure for diabetes, but managing it will help you live a longer and healthier life.Symptoms of diabetes vary from person to person, but may include increased urination, thirst, weight loss (especially around the abdomen), fatigue, blurred vision, numbness or tingling in the hands and feet, difficulty breathing, and heart problems. If you have any of these symptoms and your doctor suspects that you have diabetes, he or she will probably ask you to take a blood sugar test.Diagnosis of diabetes is typically made based on your symptoms and a blood sugar test
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects your blood glucose control. The pancreas produces insulin to help your body use sugar from food. When the pancreas can’t produce enough insulin, or the insulin isn’t working properly, the body can’t absorb sugar from food and levels of sugar in the blood increase. This can lead to diabetic complications such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and amputations.
There are two types of diabetes:
-Type 1: is when your body doesn’t produce any insulin at all and this is usually due to a lack of pancreatic beta cells.
-Type 2: is when your body can produce some insulin but it isn’t working properly. This can be caused by obesity or a genetic predisposition.
What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?
Symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the person. However, some common symptoms include: fatigue, weight gain, increased urination, blurred vision, dry mouth and trouble breathing. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to consult a doctor. Many treatments are available for diabetes, and treatment can often be successful if it is started early.
What are the Risk Factors for Diabetes?
The risk factors for diabetes are complex and include lifestyle choices, genetics, and environmental factors. However, the most important risk factor is obesity. Other risk factors include:
-Genetics: If a person has a family history of diabetes, they are more likely to develop the disease.
-Lifestyle choices: Smoking can increase your risk of diabetes by up to 30%. Eating too much sugar and fat can also increase your risk. eating too few vegetables and fruits can also increase your risk. Obesity is the biggest risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes.
-Environmental factors: Diabetes can be caused by exposure to certain chemicals (like lead) or viruses (like the common cold).
-There is no one “cause” of diabetes, but it is usually inherited from someone in the family.
What advice should I take to help control my blood sugar levels?
If you have diabetes, it’s important to keep your blood sugar levels under control. There are a few things you can do to help:
– Eat a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables.
– Limit your intake of foods that are high in sugar.
– Exercise regularly.
– Take medications prescribed by your doctor to lower your blood sugar levels.